What exactly is resin flooring, and why should I choose it?
With so many types of floor to choose from, it can be hard to make the right choice. But when it comes to a flooring solution which is durable, cost-effective and designable, a resin floor might be the right choice for your next project.
This page will take you through the different types of resin floor which Monarch install and give you an insight into each of them. We will also explore the key properties of each resin floor and what areas you might find them in. Our aim is that having this knowledge of resin flooring will help you to make the right decision on what resin floor type is best for you. However, even with all the information at hand making a choice can still be hard, so we also give free technical advice, take a look at our contact page for more.
The science of resin floors
Firstly we will look at the science of resin floors, just to give you a bit of an insight. To install a resin flooring system, you mix a synthetic resin with a hardener at the time of application. This mixture then forms a strong resin when left for a specified cure time. There are many products which you can choose, and they all have different cure times. It is best to understand how long it may take to install the floor when choosing your resin product.
To create grip in a resin floor, a flooring contractor will add in specialist aggregate. They can add different levels of aggregate depending on how much grip is needed on a floor.
Also, resins can come in different colours, this is achieved by manufacturers beforehand. This is one way in which resin can be customised to how you want it. As well as this, you can create a flake finish pattern to a floor by adding in small pieces of vinyl during installation. The colour of the flakes can be made to any RAL or British Standard colour. This can then be added to more colours to create a patterned blend. Flake finish floors are popular in domestic and commercial flooring applications.
Usually, a resin floor will need between 1 and 3 coats depending on the desired effect/properties of the floor. Certainly, the more complex the design, the more coats may be needed and the longer it will take before the floor is finished. In cases like this, a polyaspartic element may be a time saver if you are looking for a fast cure resin floor paint or coating which is ready much sooner.
Is resin flooring better than a concrete floor?
Unlike a concrete floor, a poured resin floor made from epoxy, polyurethane or polyaspartic material gives a customisable floor which can be resistant to chemicals. When choosing the right resin flooring system, chemical resistance may be a fundamental requirement on where you are installing the floor. The different resins have different levels of resistance to different chemicals. As well as this, a resin is less likely to need as many repairs as concrete and comes in many different colours and textures. Aggregate can also be added within a resin system to aid in the grip of a floor which is not possible with concrete.
This is all to do with the floor you are wanting to achieve, concrete and resin have different pros and cons so it is vital to review all before installing. Speak to your resin flooring contractor for more advice. Monarch offers free technical advice, you can call them on 01246 412 222.
What types of resin flooring are there, and which one should I choose?
To find the best floor for you, you need to know what you are wanting from your flooring system. Because the various resin floor types offer specific benefits, it’s important to choose a resin flooring based on the needs and performance requirements of the floor.
For example, breweries, food factories and distilleries would all suit a polyurethane resin system. Polyurethane resin floors are not affected by the chemicals involved in the brewing process. In contrast, if you were to have a concrete floor, the chemicals would attack the floor, creating an unsafe surface. Our product Monarthane is our choice for those settings.
Another example of this within production would be in circumstances which involve lactic acids such as dairy, cheese and milk production factories. This acid would corrode an epoxy resin and yellow it in appearance. On the other hand, a polyurethane resin has a higher chemical resistance than epoxy resin. This means that the polyurethane would be the better choice as it would not be affected by the acid.
The resin flooring association has created a short guide to the main properties of resin flooring. Monarch installs epoxy, polyurethane and polyaspartic flooring systems across the UK.
Water-based, solvent-based, solvent-free
· Dimensional stability
· Excellent adhesion
· Chemical Resistance
· Dimensionally unstable
· Excellent adhesion
· High chemical resistance
· Wide temperature tolerance
· Speed of installation
· Fast Cure
· High chemical resistance
· UV stable
Its clear that when looking into an appropriate floor paint, screed or coating system careful consideration is needed. The quick guide below may give you an indication of what floor coating or floor paint may be the most suitable. To give you more of an insight into the different types of resin flooring here is a more detailed compassion.
Polyurethane resin flooring provides a floor with excellent resistance to impact, abrasion and most chemicals. It can often be seen in the industrial sector within factories, warehouses and production plants.
Main advantages of choosing a polyurethane resin
Firstly, polyurethane resin has a high-temperature resistance. This means that unlike other surfaces, it remains unaffected by hotter environments. In food production, hot trays, trolleys and other equipment may be left to stand on a surface for long periods. Some floors would then sink under this heat which causes health and safety issues by the creation of an uneven surface. In contrast, polyurethane would not be so easily damaged and would not sink under the pressure.
Durable and Versatile
Another benefit of resin floors is that they are durable and versatile. They can be customised to the client’s individual needs and so can be installed in a variety of environments. They are slip-resistant and are ideal for public environments and various commercial setups.
Safer to walk on
Resin floors can be made non-slip. This makes them safer to walk on, making them ideal for high traffic areas. They are also very resistant to chemicals; it is why they are used in testing areas such as laboratories.
Slip Resistance in Floors
Finally, floors with added slip resistance are a requirement in many commercial and industrial environments. This is why resin floor paints and resin coating products are so popular. Aggregate can be added to an epoxy resin, polyurethane and polyaspartic systems for added grip. This creates a safer floor to work on which can be vital in environments where liquids are used or where dampness/moisture can occur.
If you are not familiar with resin flooring and the different types there are. Epoxy resin is the one you might recognise as it is the most well-known system.
Epoxy resin bonds with concrete, so it is an ideal coating if you already have a concrete floor that you want to customise or increase the hardness/wearability without damaging the concrete.
Because epoxy systems have a low odour, are a vapour-permeable option and have excellent dustproofing properties. Epoxy is often installed as a hygienic flooring system. This is suitable for food and drink factories, laboratories and departments within the health sector.
From a commercial side, an epoxy resin is a customisable option with a wide variety of decorative effects available and many colour options. As well this epoxy resin is a durable car park flooring solution.
It is a functional, easy-to-clean, easy-to-maintain option of resin floor coatings.
Main advantages of choosing an epoxy resin
Epoxy resin has chemical resistance as well as being a durable flooring system. This is why it is very popular in factories and warehouses.
Variety of colours
Another advantage of resin flooring is that it can be installed in a wide range of colours. This means you can have a professional finish it fits in with your environment. We can provide you with chevroning for your epoxy resin floors as well. Furthermore, if you were to have a flake finish floor installed you could make your own blend of colours to suit you. In addition, you can add a silver glitter or rainbow effect glitter to that blend.
Slip Resistance in Floors
Floors with added slip resistance are a requirement in many commercial and industrial environments. This is why resin floor paints and resin coating products are so popular. Aggregate can be added to an epoxy resin, polyurethane and polyaspartic systems for added grip. This creates a safer floor to work on. Examples of these environments are food and drink factories, breweries/microbreweries, industrial factories, manufacturing plants and within the automotive industry such as garages, showrooms and workshops.
Easily repair damages
Another benefit of epoxy resin floors is that you can easily repair damages. You can localise a repair so that you don’t have to replace your entire floor surface. This can be of real benefit when a floor is needing repair to a large floor space. It can be really cost-effective to only replace an area of the floor rather than the entire floor.
Hygienic flooring solutions
Finally, epoxy systems have a low odour, are a vapour-permeable option and have excellent dustproofing properties. This is suitable for food and drink factories, laboratories and departments within the health sector.
In some cases, the time it takes for the installation of a resin system can be a deciding factor.
A polyaspartic floor still holds the same desired durability as epoxy and polyurethane but has a significant reduction in cure time.
Polyaspartic is a fast cure resin coating which means its cure time is reduced making it the ideal choice as a fast track resin flooring option.
In conclusion, before the installation of a resin system takes place, there are many things to consider. Firstly you must have an understanding of what properties you want your floor to have. For instance, what level of chemical resistance the resin should provide. Another property to consider is how quickly you need the floor to be ready. As well as this, it is important to make sure your flooring contractor knows all the properties you require so that they can make the right decision.
In addition to this, you must make sure that the floor which you have already is properly dealt with before a resin is installed. This may mean taking off the current floor or laying a screed on top before the resin.
Monarch offers free technical advice, so if you are struggling to pick the ideal floor paint for you we can help make that choice for you. We can also visit you on site and take a look at the floor so that you can get the right advice free of charge.
Furthermore, we install resin flooring throughout the UK and have 30 years experience in our trade. Here is a list of our locations
- Dronfield, Derbyshire
- Sheffield, South Yorkshire
- Leigh, Greater Manchester
- Halifax, West Yorkshire
- Selby, North Yorkshire
Finally, to find guides such as ‘how to clean a resin floor’ please visit the FeRFA (Resin Flooring Association) website. You can find them here…